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The husk of Psyllium is the actual coating of mucilage around the seed. It is considered pure dietary fiber and is the only part of the plant used in manufacturing Psyllium products.
Its nutritional value consists mainly of glycosides, proteins, polysaccharides, vitamin B1, and choline. Fiber content of over 80% compared to less than 15% for oat bran and 10% for wheat bran. The husk is composed mostly of a fiber called hemicellulose which is a complex carbohydrate found in whole grains, fruits and vegetables. Hemicellulose is indigestible however; it is partially broken down in the colon and feeds the friendly intestinal flora.
Psyllium Husk is separated from the seeds by a mechanical process where no Chemicals are used. Psyllium Husk is available mostly in four grade of purity i.e. 99% pure, 98% pure, 95% pure and 85% pure.
General Specification of Psyllium husk :
|IDENTIFICATION A||MOUNTED IN CRESOL, CELL VIEWED MICROSCOPICALLY ARE COMPOSED OF POLYGONAL PRISMATIC CELLS HAVING 4 TO 6 STRAIGHT OR SLIGHTLY WAVY WALLS|
|IDENTIFICATION B||MOUNTED IN ALCOHOL AND IRRIGATED WITH WATER, VIEWED MICROSCOPICALLY, THE MUCILAGE IN THE OUTER PART OF THE EPIDERMAL CELLS SWELLS RAPIDLY AND GOES INTO SOLUTION|
|TEST||P.HUSK 99%||P.HUSK 98%||P.HUSK 95%||P.HUSK 85%|
|PURITY||MIN. 99%||MIN. 98%||MIN. 95%||MIN. 85%|
|MOISTURE||NMT 12%||NMT 12%||NMT 12%||NMT 12%|
|TOTAL ASH||NMT 4%||NMT 4%||NMT 4%||NMT 4%|
|ACID INSOLUBLE ASH||NMT 1%||NMT 1%||NMT 1%||NMT 1%|
|LIGHT EXTRANEOUS MATTER||NMT 1%||NMT 2%||NMT 5%||NMT 15%|
|SWELL VOLUME||NLT 40 ML/GRAM||NLT 40 ML/GRAM||NLT 40 ML/GRAM||NLT 35 ML/GRAM|
|INSECT FRAGMENTS PER 25 GRAM||NMT 100 PARTS||NMT 100 PARTS||NMT 100 PARTS||NMT 100 PARTS|
|SALMONELLA PER 10 GRAM||ABSENT||ABSENT||ABSENT||ABSENT|
|E.COLI PER GRAM||ABSENT||ABSENT||ABSENT||ABSENT|
|YEAST AND MOULD PER GRAM||NMT 1000 CFU/GRAM||NMT 1000 CFU/GRAM||NMT 1000 CFU/GRAM||NMT 1000 CFU/GRAM|
All the above specifications are as per USP standards issued by USFDA.